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Environmental studies 2022 - 2023
Alessandro Lambertini, Massimiliano Menghini, Jacopo
Cimini, Angelo Odetti, Gabriele Bruzzone, Marco Bibuli,
Emanuele Mandanici, Luca Vittuari, Paolo Castaldi,
Massimo Caccia, and Luca De Marchi.
The ability to observe the world has seen significant
developments in the last few decades,
alongside the techniques and methodologies to derive
accurate digital replicas of observed envi-
ronments. Underwater ecosystems present greater
challenges and remain largely unexplored, but
the need for reliable and up-to-date information
motivated the birth of the Interreg Italy–Croatia
SUSHI DROP Project (Sustainable fisheries wIth
DROnes data Processing). The aim of the project
is to map ecosystems for sustainable fishing and to
achieve this goal a prototype of an Unmanned
Underwater Vehicle (UUV), named Blucy, has been
designed and developed.
Stephanie M. BilodeauI, Austin W. H. Schwartz,
Binfeng Xu, V. Pau´l Pauca, Miles R. Silman.
Understanding long-term trends in marine ecosystems
requires accurate and repeatable counts of fishes and
other aquatic organisms on spatial and temporal scales
that are difficult or impossible to achieve with diver-
based surveys. Long-term, spatially distributed cameras,
like those used in terrestrial camera trapping, have not
been successfully applied in marine systems due to
limitations of the aquatic environment. in this paper,
the authors develop a methodology for a system of
low-cost, long-term camera traps (Dispersed
Environment Aquatic Cameras), deployable over large
spatial scales in remote marine environments.
Authors: Gregory S. Schorr, M. Bradley Hanson, Erin A.
Falcone, Candice K. Emmons, Susan M. Jarvis,
Russel D. Andrews, and Eric M. Keen.
The Pacific Offshore killer whale population is currently
listed as data deficient on the IUCN Red List and
Threatened in Canada. The population is estimated at
300 individuals, extending from Southern California to
the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. To better understand
trends, habitat use, and diving behavior, The authors
deployed seven dart-attached satellite tags during two
encounters with Offshores off California and one
meeting off Washington State in 2013.
Michael G. Bertram, Jake M. Martin, Erin S. McCallum ,
Lesley A. Alton, Jack A. Brand, Bryan W. Brooks, Daniel
Cerveny, Jerker Fick, Alex T. Ford, Gustav Hellström,
Marcus Michelangeli, Shinichi Nakagawa, Giovanni
Polverino, Minna Saaristo, Andrew Sih, Hung Tan,
Charles R. Tyler, Bob B.M. Wong, and Tomas Brodin
The aim of this review is to guide the rapidly
developing field of behavioural ecotoxicology towards
increased environmental realism, ecological
complexity, and mechanistic understanding.
Authors: Martyna A. Rzetala, Robert Machowski,
Maksymilian Solarski, Daniel Bakota, Arkadiusz
Płominski, and Mariusz Rzetala
The bottom sediments were studied within the basins
of water bodies used for recreational purposes (e.g.,
bathing, fishing, and diving) in the Silesian Upland and
its periphery in southern Poland. It was found that
bottom sediments were contaminated to varying
degrees with toxic metals, metalloids, and non-metals,
as evidenced by the values of geoecological indicators.
It was concluded that the presence of harmful
elements (e.g., lead, zinc, cadmium, chromium,
strontium, and arsenic) in bottom sediments should be
considered when classifying water bodies as suitable
for recreational use.
M. Riedel, M. Scherwath, M. Römer, C. K. Paull, E. M.
Lundsten, D. Caress, P. G. Brewer, J. W. Pohlman, L. L.
Lapham, N. R. Chapman, M. J. Whiticar, G. D. Spence,
R. J. Enkin, and K. Douglas
Barkley Canyon is off the west coast off Vancouver
Island, British Columbia, Canada. The authors
combined repeat remotely operated vehicle (ROV) sea
floor video observations, mapping with an
autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), ship-, ROV-,
and AUV- based identification of gas flares, as well as
seismic and Chirp data to investigate the distribution of
fluid migration pathways.
Mackenzie E. Gerringer, Yumna Ismail, Kayla A.
Cannon, Arline Camilo Hernandez, Franchesca
Gonzales Peralta, Ryan Bohen, Joseph C. Cartwright,
Austin Feasley, Lydia Fregosi, Hannah Lehman, Hailey
Niles, Jillian Quay, Nima Sherpa, Brett H. Woodworth,
and Kasey Cantwell
Access to deep-sea systems has been expanded by
programs such as the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration's Ocean Exploration
(NOAA Ocean Exploration), which uses telepresence
to bring deep-sea exploration to a global audience.
The authors of this paper present an example of how
remotely operated vehicles can engage students in
Daniel Ierodiaconou, Dianne McLean, Matthew Jon
Birt, Todd Bond, Sam Wines, Ollie Glade-Wright, Joe
Morris, Doug Higgs, and Sasha K. Whitmarsh
This study uses a decade of industry remotely operated
vehicle (ROV) imagery to describe fish, invertebrate,
and benthic communities on gas field infrastructure.
Sampling was conducted over 22 km of flowline, three
wells and one manifold in the temperate waters of
Bass Strait, south east Australia in depths of 155 to 263
Luca Andolfi, Mirko Antonini, Stefano Binda, Paolo
Braca, Luciano Bozzi, Sandro Carniel, Nicola Forti,
Giorgio Ioannou, Elizabeth Laier English, Margherita
Lenoci, Leonardo M. Millefiori, Alfredo Renga, Aniello
Russo, Giuseppe Tomasicchio
Although satellites are very accurate in monitoring the
melting glaciers, they provide scarce or no information
about under-ice water characteristics. However,
mobile platforms would represent a substantial
integration of the Ice Tethered Profilers, which move
slowly with the sea ice without possibility to select the
specific area where the data are collected. This paper
givies an overview on how capabilities provided by
underwater Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT)
technologies can support Climate Change Monitoring.