Cultural activities
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Description Cultural activities encompass expressions, traditions, and practices that reflect a group's shared values, beliefs, and history. Divers, underwater vehicle pilots, technicians, and sailors share common values based on the history of navigation, diving, and submarine crafts. Although our database provides numerous scientific and technical papers that facilitate understanding of the reasons for the procedures we use today and their evolution over time, other sources, such as archaeological and historical reports, as well as maritime and diving museums, should also be considered. For this reason, this section aims to provide links to museums, archaeological organizations, and any organizations involved in cultural activities related to diving, navigation, and underwater vehicles. It must be noted that these cultural organizations should be actively supported, as establishing historical facts would be impossible without the efforts of individuals who collect, restore, and study ancient artifacts and documents.
1 - Underwater archeology In the early days of diving, underwater archaeology primarily involved retrieving objects from shipwrecks without detailed investigation, often for the purpose of selling these items for profit. Today, such practices are strictly prohibited by exclusive economic zone conventions under the International Maritime Organization, which designate wrecks as the property of coastal states. Additionally, the "UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage" supports these regulations and establishes methods for investigating and protecting wrecks. As a result, modern underwater archaeology is conducted by government-appointed scientists who are responsible for investigating shipwrecks within their respective national waters. Additionally, it is pertinent to note that wrecks not only provide historical insights but also serve as valuable resources for scientific research by offering opportunities for studies in corrosion and material degradation in diverse aquatic environments or the examination of geological evolution in specific regions, among other areas of inquiry. Despite being tasked with this important work, many archeologists face significant budget constraints that limit their ability to conduct thorough investigations. As a result, they sometimes seek assistance from volunteer sports divers using SCUBA or rebreathers. While helpful in some ways, it must be noted that these diving practices are not as safe as those in force in commercial diving and cannot be carried out on sites where professional operations are already taking place, despite what some self-proclaimed organizations might claim. The main reason is that it would be unsuitable to impose a high level of safety on some divers while authorizing others with weaker levels to dive at the same site. This is why we have separated archeology from other underwater work activities, as we cannot support working activities performed using the above gears despite understanding why archeologists use them. For more information, refer to the Diving study CCO Ltd #9 “Analysis of the document IOGP 411 - rev. 2021” (page 92). It should also be mentioned that Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles have become increasingly popular tools among archaeologists in recent years. Initially developed for offshore industries, these advanced technologies have helped improve many aspects of modern-day underwater investigations while simultaneously reducing reliance on recreational divers.
Archeological database
2 - Maritime and diving museums Numerous national maritime museums have been created that exhibit vessels' parts, navigation tools, and diving equipment from the early periods of navigation and diving. It is also the case of private and non- profit organizations that organize various activities explaining these old systems. These establishments can be visited during their open hours and can be contacted for documentation. In addition, historical diving websites have been created that provide a lot of photos and documents. To open the list, click the button below.
Maritime museums
3 - Addresses for those who want to start diving Addresses for commercial diving and ROV pilot training schools are listed in the "Training Establishments & Recruitment Agencies" section under "Logistics." It is advisable for individuals without prior diving experience to begin as recreational divers and engage with organizations that employ recreational divers for activities such as archaeology. This experience can confirm their suitability for working efficiently in aquatic environments. Many commercial divers have embarked on their professional journeys following this pathway. Given the substantial cost of commercial diving courses, it is prudent to ascertain one's aptitude for such roles before committing to the profession. The lists below are intended to provide elements to assist in this evaluation. Members of the Confederation Mondiale des Activites Subaquatiques (CMAS): The “World Underwater Federation, also known as the “Confederation Mondiale des Activites Subaquatiques (CMAS)”, is a non-commercial international diving federation that provides sport diving and other aquatic activities. It is recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC), in addition to being a member of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Founded in 1959 in Monaco, it includes over 120 federations offering reasonably priced courses. Click on the button below to access their website. Divers Alert Network (DAN): Divers Alert Network (DAN) is a safety organization dedicated to supporting divers. It provides research and emergency medical services, educational programs, insurance, and various support services. It must be noted that the courses provided are of a high level. The DAN website can be accessed by clicking on the button below. List of manufacturers of scuba diving equipment: Although sport diving gear is much simpler than the equipment used for commercial diving, the investment remains costly for less fortunate individuals. Therefore, investing in robust and performant systems that will last a long time and not break down during a dive is crucial. The index we provide lists some of the most well-known manufacturers. Click on the button below to open it.
For those interested in learning more about underwater archeology courses or participating in non-profit organizations engaged in similar activities, we have included links that provide relevant addresses, along with various reports compiled by experts in this field. Click on the button below to open our database.
CMAS members Divers Alert Network Scuba diving equipment