Scientific papers 2004 - 2006
The documents are classified chronologically from 2004 to 2006.
Click on their descriptions to open and download them.
Atih Ors, Guner Sonmez, Senol Yildiz, Gunalp Uzun,
Mehmet Guney Senol, Hakan Mutlu, Mehmet Saracoglu
This study was conducted with magnetic resonance
imaging (MRI) to evaluate attendants working inside
hyperbaric chambers (inside attendants) for hyperintense
brain lesions. Ten inside attendants and ten healthy
nondiving subjects were included in the study.
A questionnaire was used to obtain information about
subjects’ medical history, hyperbaric exposure history,
alcohol intake, and smoking habits. T1-weighted, T2-
weighted, and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images
were acquired with a 1.5-T MRI device.
The Brooklyn bridge design was made by John Augustus
Roebling, an architect with a relatively modest experience
in suspended bridge construction. He died few days after
the beginning of the construction work, after stepping on
a cable round and contacting tetanus.
His son, Washington Augustus Roebling, took over the
project management. Unfortunately, as a fire started in the
deepest caisson wooden structure, he spent more than
12 hours at 30 m in the caisson trying to fight the fire and
decompressed without any stop. As he became crippled,
he was forced to stay at his office. He kept controlling the
work with his binoculars while his wife Emily helped him
communicating with the workers. When the bridge was
inaugurated in 1883, Phineas Barnum demonstrated his
strength by crossing the river with the 21 elephants of his
Very large caissons were employed in the construction of
the Brooklyn Bridge, one of them being sunk to a
maximum depth of 30 m. The working conditions were
dramatic and there were at least 27 fatalities. There was
neither knowledge nor understanding of the
decompression process. Although 110 cases of serious
decompression illness were recorded by the attending
physician, recompression was not used for treatment. It
was on the Brooklyn Bridge project that the word “bends”
was coined for decompression illness. A stilted way of
walking affected by fashionable ladies of the time was
termed “the Grecian Bend”. When the caisson workers
showed signs of decompression illness, their painful
attitude suggested the Grecian Bend. The term was
shortened to “doing the bend” and finally “bends” or
“bent” became legitimized by use.